Varicose veins in the legs: it’s all about the disease and the methods of treatment

Girl with varicose legs

Varicose veins in the legs (VVV) are a scourge of modern society. And if the former women suffered, to put it mildly, varicose veins, "getting old, " but today the disease has "rejuvenated, " and even began to affect young girls.

What can we say, even men often begin to see a doctor with complaints of dilated veins in the legs. Why this happens, what the varicose veins are, what are the symptoms, what should be the treatment, its price, this will be discussed in our article.

What is varicose veins in the legs? (VRV)

A varicose vein or varicose vein is a change in the length and width of the veins in the legs, accompanied by a thinning of the venous wall and the appearance of "nodes. "

This happens when the veins are not working properly. Decreased tone impairs blood flow.

The veins have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing back. When these valves fail, blood begins to collect in the veins instead of moving toward the heart. Therefore, the blood vessels dilate.

As a result of the varicose veins, the blood stagnates, gradually leading to deformation of the blood vessels.

The veins look attractive - whoever has seen and met knows! Wide, bluish spots on the legs and buttocks force women to wear floor-length skirts even in summer. These are all symptoms of varicose veins that require immediate treatment.

Our toiler feet have to fight the force of gravity every day. It affects blood flow due to problems with the development of the disease.

This force alone is useful, especially for organs and systems above the heart. But for the legs and blood vessels - not quite.

Statistics show that varicose veins occur in 10% of people, 90% of whom are women.

There are 7 main reasons for the appearance of VRV

There are several main causes of varicose veins in the legs:

  1. Damage to venous valves.Moreover, it can be hereditary or acquired in nature. This leads to an overflow of blood in the veins.
  2. Keeping the body in a vertical position for a long time(standing work).
  3. The presence of excess weight and excess cholesterol in the body. In this case, cholesterol plaques form in the veins, which block the passage of blood fluid through all the vessels.
  4. Hypertension, which can be observed with muscle tension, walking to the toilet, lifting heavy weights during pregnancy.
  5. Hormonal disorders and endocrine problems.This explains why the disease manifests itself in puberty, pregnancy, or menopause.
  6. Nervous system pathologies.The condition of the venous wall is affected by the nerve endings in it. Due to the constant damage to toxins (alcohol, pills, cigarettes), the pressure in the veins increases, which affects the principle of nerve endings.
  7. Presence of background diseases- tumors, scars, trauma, constipation, cough.

Only the phlebologist can determine the real cause of the varicose vein, who should be contacted at the first signs of the disease, as it is impossible to delay treatment for the varicose veins.

25% of men and women have signs of BPV

The problem is very common, especially in women. About 25% of all adults have varicose veins. In most cases, this pathology appears in the lower extremities.

You can use several landmarks to determine if a problem exists:

  • color change on the legs: now not bluish but purple, dark blue;
  • the appearance of brown skin pigmentation in the legs and ankles;
  • regular onset of intense pain in the legs;
  • episodic cramps in the lower extremities, more specifically in their muscles;
  • in the initial stage, varicose veins thicken;
  • ulcerative defects appear in the joints and skin of the legs.

All of these signs are unique. If there is one, it is necessary to diagnose the disease. If the diagnosis is confirmed, do not hesitate to treat.

At first, dilated veins cause only aesthetic discomfort, and over time, with the slightest complication, there is a risk of damage to the veins and blood vessels. It is important to treat the varicose veins in a timely manner.

Poker on the legs is a sign of varicose veins

Many people mistakenly believe that if men wear flat shoes and do not carry a child, varicose veins will bypass them. In fact, this is the case from a physiological point of view.

But let’s not forget other factors and reasons like weight bearing, hard work in the gym, being overweight, genetic traits, lack of mobility.

There are usually plenty of reasons to face this disease. Most commonly, varicose veins affect men after 40 years. It is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  1. Feeling of muscle tension.
  2. Enlargement of the ankle and calf.
  3. Appearance of small ulcers on the legs.
  4. Aching and throbbing pains.

In general, the manifestations of varicose veins and treatment in men are similar to those in women. We encourage you to look at photos of other people to understand what varicose veins are like.

What are the dangers and complications of the disease?

If there is no treatment, the pathology has a negative effect on the whole body. Varicose veins not only cause cosmetic defects (these are listed above) but also lead to more serious complications in the body:

  • metabolic disease;
  • eczema;
  • appearance of a blood clot;
  • swelling of the legs;
  • lack of food in cells and tissues;
  • skin pigmentation.

An increase in pressure results in an increasingly slower movement of blood. Its clots settle in the legs and disrupt the aesthetics of the male and female legs. Meanwhile, tissues accumulate toxic substances that act as metabolic by-products.

If you start treatment, there is a possibility of developing a more complex disease - venous insufficiency.

Varicose veins lead to a number of conditions: skin ulcer, eczema, heavy bleeding, blood clot blockage, persistent edema, skin dermatitis, malnutrition of the cells and tissues of the legs, increased skin pigmentation.

4 possible diagnostic methods

Often people do not see a doctor in the early stages of the disease. Painful feelings are attributed to fatigue after physical work, age-related changes, but not varicose veins.

Diagnosis of varicose veins in the legs

But when the condition worsens, clear signs of varicose veins appear, you can often meet people at the clinic. Often, an experienced physician is able to determine the presence of a disease by considering the symptoms and then prescribing treatment.

Additional diagnostic measures may be prescribed to confirm the diagnosis:

  1. Ultrasound dopplegraphy.Such a test is often prescribed for varicose veins.
  2. Phlebomanometry.You can use such an event to study your internal venous pressure.
  3. Duplex scanning.This procedure helps determine the condition of the walls as well as the valves.
  4. Phlebography.The doctor injects a special contrast agent into the veins, then an X-ray is taken to help study the blood flow, to track how the blood moves through the veins.

There are other diagnostic procedures that your doctor may prescribe for severe varicose veins. But often 1-2 events are enough.

Prevention recommendations

Proper treatment of varicose veins cannot be dispensed with, in practice there has never been a case where the disease itself has gone through. But there are many things you can do to relieve symptoms and improve your overall condition.

  1. Get more exercise with regular exercise. Change your posture when you feel tired.
  2. The first measure of treatment is the choice of compression stockings that normalize the condition of the legs and improve their appearance.
  3. Take special baths in the evenings. The fact is that showering in the morning can lead to fluid retention, impaired blood flow and pain.
  4. Follow your lifestyle during pregnancy - eat well, eat more vegetables and fruits to avoid varicose veins.

Who is a phlebologist and how can you help?

For the first signs of a varicose vein, you may want to contact a phlebologist who will diagnose and prescribe treatment. In the initial phase, your doctor will prescribe medications that alleviate the general condition and increase the tone of your veins.

But if the disease is running, you need to have surgery for an enlarged vein, after which you need to be prepared for rehabilitation.

The most important tasks in treating varicose veins are:

  • removal of the inflammatory process;
  • strengthening the vessel wall;
  • increased blood flow;
  • therapy of complications.

Doctors often prescribe such medications for treatment if they find varicose veins:

  1. Venotics.After use, the walls of the veins become more flexible, the structure is restored and blood circulation is improved.
  2. Anticoagulants.They cause a decrease in blood clotting, which protects a person from blood clots.
  3. Various ointments and creams.They give a voice to the affected area.
  4. Antiplatelet agents.Medications dissolve blood clots.

Varicose vein surgery

Some time ago, this type of treatment was very traumatic, but current technology has made it more gentle. Endoscopic equipment, which is inserted by puncture, is used to perform measures to remove veins.

Most often, surgery (called phlebectomy) is performed under local anesthesia, except in advanced cases. There are virtually no postoperative sutures.

When this disease is detected, sclerotherapy is often prescribed. It is a treatment that involves the administration of a special drug with a sclerotic effect into a vein.

As a result, the walls of the veins stick together, along which blood flow stops. The procedure itself takes place under anesthesia. Compression underwear is used after the treatment.

Your doctor may use radiofrequency coagulation to treat the disease. The operation itself is done with the help of ultrasound, after which the reflux stops, which takes place through a vein under the skin. There is no need to stay in a stationary environment after the procedure.

Among the modern methods, laser treatment of varicose veins is popular. Prices depend on the type of clinic and the extent of the disease.

Laser treatment of varicose veins

Question answer

What is the prognosis of this disease?

Unfortunately, this pathology is not easy to treat. As practice shows, 80% of people relapse even after a surgical removal method. Therefore, it is important to start treating the disease as early as possible, even in the initial stages. The prognosis in advanced cases is often disappointing and depends on concomitant diseases.

When should you see a doctor to detect pathology in early cases?

If your feet get tired quickly, swell, or feel heavy, you should see a doctor. These are the first signs of pathology. In the future, poker will appear, indicating stagnation.

How important is varicose veins?

Gymnastics is an organic stage in the treatment and prevention of pathology. Many underestimate their benefits. By the way, many doctors advise you to regularly exercise "bike", even if there is no disease. This protects your feet from vascular problems.

Conservative therapy against varicose veins

Based on the causal factors in the development of the disease, the patient is prescribed certain treatment tactics:

  • selecting the optimal set of exercises to overcome overweight;
  • appointment of a physiotherapy course;
  • exclusion of excessive physical exertion;
  • arranging massage events;
  • regime and diet correction;
  • taking special vitamin complexes.

To improve varicose veins in the lower extremities, the doctor may recommend that the patient wear compression garments. You need to pay attention to nutrition: it is better to exclude smoked meats, foods that are too fatty, fried foods.

Moderate physical activity, which consists of cycling, running and even walking, will benefit this disease. In case of varicose veins, do not sauna.

The power of folk remedies for varicose veins

Green tomatoes proved useful against varicose veins. Therapy consists of tying tomato slices to the blood vessels until they ripen.

The popularity of this method lies in the fact that in the heat the blood vessels start to "buzz" even more, swell more. However, the tomato will start to sing and it will not be difficult to find such a medicine.

Green tomatoes against varicose veins

Datura seeds are also often used for home treatments. Renowned herbalists say they are effective treatments for varicose veins.

The therapy uses a doping infusion based on vodka, making special compresses for sore feet.

Datura seeds for home treatment of varicose veins

Horse chestnut and vodka based infusion. To do this, take two tablespoons of plant flowers, pour half a liter of alcohol, infuse for 2 weeks. After passing the infusion, it can be consumed in a tablespoon twice a day on the net.

Horse chestnut for infusion of VRV

Freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices are useful not only for diluting blood, but also for improving circulation, you can read about this in reviews. The following mixtures are used: spinach, carrots, beets or carrots, celery, parsley.

Freshly squeezed fruit and vegetable juices to improve blood circulation

If you decide to turn to established folk remedies, you should consult your doctor.


Preventive measures for varicose veins include the use of compression agents, monitoring of body mass indicators, abstinence from cigarettes and alcohol.

You also need regular foot massage, increased physical activity, body hygiene procedures, a contrast shower and a proper diet.

You need to alternate between work and rest. When a man is sitting, he should not cross his legs and should not lay on top of each other. The fact that such postures disrupt normal blood circulation and lead to this disease.

If a person is forced to sit for a long time, they need to get up periodically and change their position.

It’s better not to wear tight underwear and clothes that will provoke varicose veins. High-heeled shoes favored by women won’t do any good either. We recommend that you try to wear them less.

Expert opinion

  • "Sclerotherapy is particularly relevant in the early stages of pathology development. Then this method shows remarkable results and there are no traces on the legs. People remarkably tolerate laser treatment, but then undergo minor rehabilitation. A person may experience bruises, pain, fever. But these are temporary inconveniences. NSAIDs are often prescribed by doctors. In rare cases, the surgical method is preferred. "
  • "If you have had laser treatment, patients are advised to follow it, but don’t forget the compression stockings. The pathology itself does not pose a threat to human life, which cannot be said of the complications it causes. For example, this disease can lead to thromboembolism. And this pathology often leads to death. "

Varicose veins, if left untreated, can lead to complications. Therefore, if you want to maintain the beauty and health of your feet, pay attention to the slightest changes and consult a doctor in a timely manner.

And even better - to pursue a lifestyle that will save you from pathology. We wish you good health and well-being!