What causes varicose veins

Varicose veins remain an underestimated problem among patients. In many cases, women are concerned about the aesthetic issue, but varicose veins are not just an aesthetic flaw. If at the beginning of the disease only spider veins are visible on the skin, then as the disease progresses, the varicose veins cause more and more discomfort: swelling, cramps, pain, burning, itching in the limbs, trophic ulcers may develop. time, so do not underestimate the disease. This disease is no less dangerous for men who are unwilling to notice it to the last.

What causes varicose veins

Varicose veins can occur anywhere in the vein, but most often the feet are affected by the disease. This is due to gravity: it is harder for blood to flow upwards against gravity. In a healthy person, normal outflow is facilitated by the contraction of the elastic wall of the muscles and blood vessels and the closure of the valves. If the vein is damaged in any area, the blood can flow in the opposite direction, causing congestion. Due to the accumulation of venous blood, the vascular section expands and dilates, which becomes noticeable to the naked eye.

causes of varicose veins

There are several causes and factors for the appearance of varicose veins, including:

  • long static loads.
  • Hard physical work.
  • Seated work.
  • Heredity.
  • Age: Decreased vascular wall elasticity due to decreased collagen production.
  • Female.
  • Hormonal changes, hormone intake.
  • Chronic avitaminosis.
  • Injuries.
  • Weight set.
  • Thickening of the blood.
  • Frequent flights.
  • Pregnancy.

If you exercise little or stand up a lot, your muscles will not get a rational load. By contracting, the muscles help the blood to overcome its attraction. Otherwise, the main load on the valves will be: they will have to work with momentum, which can cause damage. People with any stage of varicose veins are presented in compression underwear: the stocking optimally compresses the limb and actually takes over the function of the muscles.

Varicose veins in pregnant women

In pregnant women, the amount of blood circulating increases, so the blood vessels may not be able to cope. The load on the heart increases, the weight increases, the blood clots increase, the muscle tone weakens, the uterus presses on the nearest blood vessels. Each of these factors alone can cause varicose veins.

If varicose veins occur during pregnancy, consult a doctor immediately. The ultrasound procedure is safe for the fetus, while the method is informative and allows a treatment plan to be drawn up. Patients are prescribed compression, foot baths, phlebotonics at later stages.

Spots with varicose veins appeared

Old spots can appear for a variety of reasons, such as improper skin care or injury. But if the legs hurt and hyperpigmentation occurs, thrombophlebitis and ulcers can develop, and these are quite dangerous health conditions. A detached blood clot can lead to a heart attack, blockage of the pulmonary artery (PE), and stroke. If bruises from the varicose veins appear on the foot, it may also indicate the development of thrombophlebitis.

How can it be understood that the bruises appeared due to domestic causes or varicose veins? The hematomas disappear on their own after the blow, and the spots shrink over time. In varicose veins, bruises appear regularly, do not cause trauma, and sometimes do not disappear at all. The blue spots are located in the area of the dilated vein or vascular network.

If red patches appear during varicose veins, dermatitis may develop. This is not a disease in itself, but a consequence of varicose veins. The spots may be red or reddish-purple. In addition, there are peeling, bumps, wet bubbles. Over time, the skin explodes, begins to peel off as if sunburned, and itching occurs. If left untreated, purulent ulcers may appear.

Varicose veins appeared: what to do

symptoms of varicose veins

The main fault of patients is that the varicose veins by itself. But damaged valves and walls will not recover on their own. Doctors prescribe special medicines to relieve inflammation and strengthen blood vessels.

Many patients know that compression stockings help with varicose veins. But if you choose the stockings yourself, it can only harm your health. Underwear varies in compression, and without research, it’s hard to figure out which model is right for you. Therefore, you should not self-heal.


If you experience symptoms of varicose veins, consult a phlebologist or vascular surgeon. But the test should be done even if there are no external signs but you are worried about curvature pain and restless legs syndrome. They can be successfully treated by treating varicose veins in a timely manner.

  • The small vascular network is removed with sclerotherapy: the thinnest needle is used by the doctor to inject a substance that closes the problematic vessel. The procedure is painless and therefore does not require anesthesia. The patient does not need hospital treatment and the recovery period takes little time.
  • Large blood vessels are removed from the circulatory system by laser coagulation. The damaged vein is laser-sealed: the sensor is inserted by puncture under ultrasonic control. Rehabilitation, as with sclerotherapy, is not required. The patient can walk and live a normal life.

It should be understood that both procedures save the patient from an aesthetic defect and avoid thrombosis in the defective vein area, but do not solve the main problem. It is essential to find out why varicose veins have appeared in the legs: endocrine disorders, vitamin deficiency, hormone therapy, blood clotting, etc. because of. This is the only way to choose the right therapy and stop the disease from developing.

In case of varicose veins, consult a doctor of a special vascular center. Experienced phlebologists at such clinics provide advice and use endovascular techniques to make treatment as gentle and non-traumatic as possible.