Heaviness, fatigue and swelling in the legs can be a sign of a dangerous and unpleasant disease - varicose veins. They are most commonly suffered from women in adulthood, but recently the disease has begun to appear in young girls. We will find out how to treat varicose veins in women.
Causes of varicose veins in women
In a person’s veins, there are valves that prevent the blood from reversing when its work is disrupted, the walls of the blood vessels become thinner and elongated, which can cause varicose veins.
The main causes of varicose veins in women are:
- Hereditary predisposition to venous diseases (congenital disorders of the venous valves and walls),
- Pregnancy increases the load on all organs, including the vascular system.
- Metabolic disorders, taking hormonal drugs,
- High physical strain on the lower extremities, especially athletes and people who spend most of their time on their feet - teachers, salespeople, etc.
- Sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work,
- Long sitting with legs crossed
- Wearing uncomfortable tight clothing and tight shoes
- Leg injuries.
Recently, varicose veins have been appearing more and more frequently in the legs of young girls and women. This is mainly due to heredity (which can cause the disease in young children) and pregnancy (changes in the hormonal state can cause the blood to thicken and increased intra-abdominal pressure to make it harder to drain). venous blood).
Excess female sex hormones have a negative effect on the collagen fibers that line the walls of veins. Because of this, the tone of the blood vessels can deteriorate noticeably, which is why varicose veins appear in women.
Symptoms of varicose veins in women
In women, varicose veins develop slowly and require long-term treatment. The disease progresses, circulatory disorders gradually lead to damage to the valves, elongation of the vessel walls. The picture shows signs of varicose veins in women with the naked eye.
Women suffer from varicose veins much more often than men, so they should carefully monitor the health of their circulatory system, especially if someone in the family has also had a venous problem.
The main symptoms of varicose veins in women are:
- appearance of a capillary network,
- Nocturnal cramps in the calf muscles,
- Feeling tired in the legs in the evening: swelling, aching pain, burning sensation,
- veins appear on the surface of the skin
- Tissue hyperaemia, skin discolouration: may turn red, turn pale, become cyanotic. Maybe the appearance of old age spots,
- In the advanced state, trophic ulcers appear on the skin that do not heal for a long time.
If symptoms of varicose veins are observed, it is important for a woman to see a phlebologist or vascular surgeon immediately. An advanced form of the disease can lead to complications: sepsis, amputation, and even death.
Ways to treat varicose veins in women
Once the doctor has diagnosed varicose veins, the woman should follow all the recommendations for eliminating the disease. Whatever the stage of the disease, it is important to use complex treatment without surgery. Particular attention should be paid to the treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy.
The most advanced cases of varicose veins require special and thorough treatment. A radical method is surgical intervention to remove a swollen vein. There are two types of interventions:
- Classical phlebectomy is a traumatic surgery with a long rehabilitation period. During manipulation, the diseased part of the vessel is removed. Bleeding and infection may occur in the wound after surgery.
- A miniflebectomy can help remove even small lumps. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, with small punctures through which the affected vessel is pulled out and excised with a hook. Recovery takes several days, but has virtually no contraindications.
Surgery is not performed during pregnancy and infectious diseases so as not to cause the woman to deteriorate.
The modern, low-traumatic method of treating varicose veins in women is that the injured vein is closed with certain procedures and the rehabilitation period is almost non-existent. There is no trace of such an intervention. Variations of minimally invasive therapy (almost complete absence of damage to other tissues and body systems):
- Sclerotherapy - application of a special adhesive to the affected vessel,
- Laser coagulation - the radiation of the blood vessels in the legs is removed by the beam,
- Radiofrequency ablation is performed with a disposable catheter that heats up during manipulation, stimulating the contraction of dilated vessels.
Varicose veins are treated in women with medications for internal and external use. Medications are needed to relieve inflammation, strengthen venous walls, and prevent blood thickening and thrombosis. However, for this, a woman will need to take long-term medications before using them, we recommend that you study the list of contraindications and consult a specialist to prevent further progression of the disease.
In the first stage of varicose veins on the legs, only ointments and creams are enough to relieve swelling and fatigue.
If you have difficulty treating varicose veins, oral tablets will also be prescribed.
If there is a risk of thrombosis or the blood is too thick, it is essential to take blood thinners, such as aspirin or heparin.
Getting rid of venous nodes requires surgery - medications and folk methods don’t help.
Women's compression underwear is available in three forms: stockings, tights or stockings. It is recommended to be worn after surgical operations and during the complex treatment of varicose veins. To determine the degree of compression you need for knitwear, consult a specialist - it is up to him or her to determine the level of support required, depending on the stage of the illness.
Traditional medicine helps relieve symptoms but does not cure varicose veins in women. There are various recipes that will help speed up your healing and strengthen the walls of your blood vessels at home.
Decoctions dilute the blood, give sound to the vessels, prevent injuries, strengthen the body's immunity:
- Pour 20 g of nettle (dried or fresh) in a glass of boiling water, leave to cook for 1 hour. The resulting decoction is divided into 3 portions, drink in a glass during the day. This tincture strengthens the veins, prevents wear on the keys,
- Ginseng tones and eliminates vascular diseases. The alcoholic tincture can be purchased at a pharmacy or prepared on its own, requiring 150 g of dried ginseng filled with 600 ml of vodka. Within 2 weeks, the drug should be administered in a cool, dark place, then the fluid should be filtered and taken 4 times a day, 1-2 tablespoons on an empty stomach.
Compresses and ointments externally affect the diseased areas of the legs, eliminate varicose veins, and act locally.
- Finely chop the beets, mix with 2 tablespoons of honey, then mix thoroughly. Apply the ointment to the damaged areas of the feet for at least a few hours.
- Apply raw mashed potatoes to the affected areas of the foot overnight. The course lasts 4-6 weeks, with sessions repeated daily. The next morning, wash your feet with clean water.
Diet and physical activity recommendations
With proper nutrition and simple exercises, the patient has the ability to accelerate recovery or prevent the condition from getting worse. Set your diet first - reduce your consumption of fatty, smoked and salted foods, alcohol and sweets. Prefer fresh vegetables and fruits, seafood and fish, diversify your diet by eating lean meats, seafood, nuts and legumes.
Do light exercises every day - a moderate to reasonable load on your legs will help keep your blood vessels healthy for longer. Take at least 20-30 minutes a day of physical activity - walk in the park, bike, swim.
In case of varicose veins, the woman should be careful with thermal procedures. Sauna, bath, wax depilation and warm wraps can cause a woman to deteriorate.
Women suffer from varicose veins more often than men, mainly due to their beautiful non-physiological characteristics. The disease develops in all ages, including very young girls, and its slow development puts patients to alertness, so treatment is started when the varicose veins in the legs have reached a critical stage and cause discomfort. Therapy includes modifying the diet, wearing supportive underwear, taking medications, and using folk remedies in the absence of contraindications. Surgery is used only in advanced cases.