Pelvic varicose veins in women

Pelvic varicose veins - a disease of the vascular system, often in women. It has severe symptoms and is easy to diagnose. It requires poor treatment and complex therapy.

lower abdominal pain with pelvic varicose veins

Causes of the disease

The main cause of the disease is a violation of the functions of the connective tissue in the body. The pathology results in marked weakness of the vessel walls, loss of strength and elasticity. The pathology affects the vessels with a minimum number of muscle fibers - veins. It often develops during pregnancy. Provocative factors:

  • gynecological diseases - curvature of the uterus, inflammation of the ovaries, obstruction of the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, fibroids and others;
  • excessive physical activity, heavy lifting;
  • standing or sitting work;
  • long-term hormone therapy, use of contraceptives;
  • high estrogen levels;
  • menstrual disorders;
  • lack of orgasm, dissatisfaction with sexual intercourse;
  • frequent births;
  • many abortions.

Sometimes the disease is diagnosed in men. The cause of the development is problems with the functioning of the prostate, chronic hemorrhoids, weight bearing.

Symptoms of pelvic varicose veins

The first sign of the disease is abdominal pain, which initially occurs only after physical exertion, aggressive sexual intercourse, a few days before menstruation.

The disease has no other symptoms, but the woman is worried about:

  • irregular periods;
  • intermittent pain in the groin and vagina;
  • copious mucous discharge;
  • frequent urination and slight urination.

Diagnostics

Pelvic varicose veins are not always easy to diagnose. First, an ultrasound is performed - the condition of the uterus, bladder and appendages is examined and assessed. Ultrasound usually confirms the diagnosis. If the results are not informative, do the following:

  • dopplerography;
  • laparoscopy;
  • phlebography.

The procedures accurately identify signs of the disease. Laparoscopy helps to distinguish varicose veins from other diseases of the reproductive system, and phlebography to determine the exact location of blood clots in dilated veins.

Treatment of the disease

Small varicose veins are treated with drugs that increase the tone of the blood vessels. Venotonics has the following properties:

  • reduces the extent of vein stretching;
  • activates the outflow of lymph;
  • normalizes blood circulation;
  • get rid of edema;
  • has a mild anti-inflammatory effect.

Venotonics is allowed in 2-3 trimesters of pregnancy.

The duration of treatment is 3-4 months, the daily dose is 1 tablet of each drug in the morning.

Physiotherapy

As soon as the acute period of the varicose veins in the pelvis is stopped by medication, physiotherapy exercises are prescribed. The first lessons are done under the supervision of a specialist, and then the gymnastics is done at home.

They do a series of exercises at the gym.

  1. One minute you have to walk around at a moderate pace, the next minute - with a high hip.
  2. With your legs folded, extend your arms in front of you and perform shallow squats. Extend your legs to the width of your shoulders, spread your arms sideways, lean forward.
  3. Lie on your back, put your hands on your stomach, breathe in your diaphragm for a minute.
  4. Without changing position, straight legs rise, lower and spread out.
  5. Take a knee-elbow position, perform back bends up and down.

Each exercise should be performed at least 5 times. Pain and fatigue should be absent. After completing the complex - a leisurely walk for 1-2 minutes.

You need to do exercises at home every morning. Lying:

  • lift your legs bent at the knees, make circular movements - imitation of cycling for 5 minutes;
  • bend your legs to your knees and lift them by 30-40 ° - during inhalation, stretch the abdominal muscles as much as possible, relax when exhaling;
  • lying on your back, lift your straight leg, press it to your chest as far as it will go and pull up your toe - you will feel the tension in your pelvic floor muscles;
  • turning sideways, straighten the lower leg, bend the upper leg in the knee, lift the straight limb;
  • lying on your back, imitating scissors, cross your raised straight legs.
exercises to treat varicose veins

In case of varicose veins, gymnastics should be performed daily and for a long time. To prevent exacerbations, classes should be continued even with lasting improvements. The "simplified" complex can also be done in the office, each exercise is repeated 10-12 times:

  • sitting vigorously in a chair and quickly squeezing-out your toes;
  • without changing position, rotate the legs first in one direction and then in the other;
  • standing to stagnate for 2 minutes, switching from foot to foot;
  • stand on your toes and then push your weight sharply around your heels.

Gymnastics are performed to narrow the varicose veins and restore the elasticity and flexibility of the walls, following the rules:

  • squats before hours, fix the position for 1-2 minutes to warm up the muscles;
  • load, the number of repetitions of exercises gradually increases;
  • during the tournament, the pulse is monitored - the frequency should not exceed 120 beats per minute.

When medications are taken as part of therapy, physical activity decreases.

Surgery

If the introduction of venotonics and therapeutic practices does not contribute to the positive dynamics of treatment, surgery is performed using one of the methods.

  1. Clogging of the veins in the ovaries. A special substance is injected into the affected vessel through a thin catheter. The surgery is performed under X-ray control and is characterized by low trauma, a short rehabilitation period, and high efficiency.
  2. Removal of affected veins. Open surgery requires special preparation from the patient for the procedure, the recovery period is long, and complications are likely to develop.

Without treatment of dilated blood vessels, a woman develops infertility.

Traditional medicine for the treatment of pelvic varicose veins

Decoctions, herbal baths, pollen and other folk remedies are used in the treatment after consultation with a doctor. They do not replace medications, but alleviate the condition, relieve pain.

Herbal baths

folk remedies for the treatment of pelvic varicose veins

500 g of oak, chestnut and willow branches, 200 g of chamomile flowers, 200 g of stems, a single leaf and St. John's wort are lost.

The herbs are placed in a 10 liter bucket, poured with water and boiled for 20-30 minutes. The broth is stuck for 10-12 hours and then poured into the bath. The temperature of the bathing water must not exceed 40 ° C. Bathe twice a week for 40 minutes.

Some sources suggest steaming 3 loafs of black bread before bathing and adding the resulting slurry to the water.

The official drug does not confirm the effectiveness of the drug, but you can try.

Potions for internal use

The product is made from the same ingredients as the bath brew. Take a collection of 100 g from oak, chestnut and willow branches and boil in 500 ml for 20 minutes. Add a collection of 200 g of St. John's wort, succession and chamomile flowers, leave to stand for 10 hours. The finished product is filtered and 2-3 tablespoons of honey are added.

Take a decoction according to the scheme:

  • 2 days - 50 ml daily;
  • 3-4 days - 100 ml;
  • 5-20 days - 150 ml.

The duration of treatment is 20 days, followed by a 10-day break. Repeat the therapy in the same way.

pollen

Devices consisting of 2 tablespoons of honey and half a tablespoon of pollen should be taken in the morning on an empty stomach with 1/3 teaspoon. The course should be taken with a break of 30 days and then 2-3 months.

Pollen is effective in the early stages of varicose veins and in preventing the disease from getting worse.