Varicose veins in the legs during pregnancy, what to do?

Very often, a nine-month wait in the family for a long-awaited replacement brings not only pleasant emotions to the woman, but also serious changes in the body, which include varicose veins, a common aesthetic problem, and a dangerous pathology. What can cause the development of varicose veins during pregnancy and what methods should be used to fight the disease.

varicose veins during pregnancy

Causes of varicose veins

Many women develop varicose veins during pregnancy because of the many prerequisites and provocative factors involved. The main causes of varicose veins during childbirth are:

  • Hormonal changes in the body. In most cases, varicose veins in pregnant women are associated with an increase in progesterone levels, which causes the blood vessels to weaken and the veins in the legs to swell.
  • genetic predisposition. The more related to varicose veins, the greater the risk that a woman will experience this pathology. It is important to note that any subsequent pregnancy with a varicose vein will lead to a worsening of the condition of the veins in the legs,
  • The additional burden that venous blood flow faces with increasing uterine size
  • The presence of obesity, which also increases the load on the lower body, chronic constipation, cough and other pathologies that cause an increase in blood pressure.

Indirect factors include low physical activity, insufficient fiber intake, tight clothing, and wearing uncomfortable shoes. Stagnation occurs, which ruptures and deforms the blood vessels.

Symptoms of varicose veins

The definition of varicose veins during pregnancy is quite simple, as the pathology is characterized by a variety of symptoms, which can be distinguished depending on the stage of development:

  • In the first stage, the woman may be disturbed by mild leg pain, swelling in the late afternoon and a feeling of fullness,
  • External signs of varicose veins then appear. So if the skin of the legs is covered with a network of blood vessels, we’re definitely talking about varicose veins,
  • The late stages of varicose veins in pregnant women are characterized by severe changes. We are talking about strong swelling of the veins and the appearance of nocturnal cramps.

Varicose veins are also dangerous with serious complications - thrombosis and the development of trophic ulcers in areas where the blood vessel is inflamed. Bumps and lumps form under the skin.

varicose veins in the legs during pregnancy

Why are varicose veins dangerous during pregnancy?

In most cases, varicose veins that appear during pregnancy are not associated with serious complications, but only if treated in time can the disease progress.

Most often, ignoring varicose veins, women face:

  • Thrombophlebitis. The complication is characterized by the formation of blood clots in the veins,
  • Bleeding, which can be caused by the slightest damage to the skin
  • venous eczema,
  • Acquiring a brown tint on the skin of the legs,
  • Formation of venous ulcers on the ankle.

In advanced cases, the disease leads to complications associated with blood clots in the blood vessels, a violation of blood clotting.

Attention!

Varicose veins can cause life-threatening situations for the pregnant mother and child, and can even be fatal.

Characteristics of treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy

How and how to treat varicose veins during pregnancy - the answer to this question should be addressed to specialists, because the choice of treatment methods depends largely on the stage of the pathology, the existing contraindications.

Medical treatment

The pharmacological treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy involves the effect on the pathology of drugs that not only help to get rid of the external signs of the disease, but also contribute to the normalization of blood flow.

Attention!

Phlebotropic compounds, phlebotonics, and heparin-based products are most often preferred by modern experts when determining how to treat pregnant women.

The treatment of varicose veins is based on external agents at all stages, so pregnant women should use an ointment or cream on the legs of the varicose veins. In this case, you also do not need to self-medicate, as this is fraught with allergic reactions that may occur with the use of compounds to which individual intolerance exists. Not only the woman but also the child is at risk for the allergy.

Safety and the desired therapeutic effect can be achieved by using ointments and gels. Each drug reduces the risk of blood clots forming, helps eliminate swelling and reduces inflammation, and strengthens blood vessel walls. Smear your feet no more than three times to knock.

The tablets can also only be prescribed by your doctor, as all medicines have many contraindications and are full of side effects.

Surgical intervention

In rare cases, varicose veins in the legs during pregnancy can progress rapidly, what to do with advanced forms of pathology? In this case, a woman may be advised of a method of surgery.

Attention!

The main indications for surgery are the last stage of varicose veins, in which unhealed trophic ulcers interfere, from which blood is released, and a pronounced form of thrombophlebitis that can affect the limb.

During pregnancy, surgery should only be performed by scraping. During the operation, a specialist uses a special microprobe to rid the affected areas of the veins.

This technique is characterized by a rapid recovery and lack of pain, which is important during the period of childbearing. Surgery is only recommended from the first trimester to the third trimester of pregnancy.

Folk treatment methods

Treatment of varicose veins at home by folk methods is allowed only in the early stages of development. In this case, an allergic reaction to the natural ingredients used must also be considered.

folk remedies for varicose veins during pregnancy

Proven folk remedies include:

  • Chamomile-based compaction to be filled with any vegetable oil. It is recommended that the resulting product be applied to the inflamed areas of the legs twice a day,
  • Compressing sleeping milk (1 cup) with wormwood (1 tablespoon), which should be applied to the feet in the morning and evening, leaving for 10-15 minutes,
  • Concentrates from infusion based on hop cones. This treatment can also be given in a foot bath, after which it is recommended to keep the lower limbs in an elevated position for a while,
  • Strawberry leaf, clover flower based tea. These drinks help to normalize blood circulation.

Important!

Internal medicinal products should be used under strict medical supervision because many plants (marigold, nettle, juniper, sage) can cause uterine tone.

Prevention

Preventing varicose veins in good time during pregnancy helps to avoid many problems. The main requirements for women during childbirth are:

  • Reduce vein stress. We are talking about staying in a long standing position full of bloodshed,
  • It is better to rest on your back, place your legs so that they are slightly above body level. This contributes to blood flow and reduces swelling,
  • Following a moderately active lifestyle consisting of loose walks.

On the advice of a specialist, compression stockings can be purchased to reduce the load on the blood vessels, improve blood circulation in the veins, and improve the patient's condition.

Adherence to these simple rules minimizes the risk of developing varicose veins, which may be overshadowed by a long-awaited pregnancy.