Varicose veins: what to do if you are in danger

Healthy legs without varicose veins

What is varicose veins (varicose veins)?

Blood flows from the bottom up in the veins of the legs, defeating the force of gravity. Valves help with this. For a variety of reasons, valve equipment can malfunction and blood flow can be damaged. The blood then begins to stagnate in the veins, leading to stretching of the walls of the veins and the formation of nodules.

Signs of varicose veins

  • the veins twist and protrude above the surface of the skin

  • foot pain

  • difficulty in the legs

  • burning sensation along the veins

  • night cramps

  • dilated blood vessels

  • pigmentation and skin tightening

Causes of varicose veins

Who suffers from varicose veins most often?

30% of varicose patients are women of flowering age, 50% are women of childbearing age and 25% are men over forty. Moreover, the risk of the disease occurs after twenty years. However, despite such depressing statistics, there are fairly simple, effective ways to prevent varicose veins that we want to talk about. First, we list a number of causes of varicose veins that help determine if there is a risk.

Young woman with varicose legs


The first and most important factor that leads to the development of varicose veins is heredity. In 70 percent of cases, the disease ranges from mother to daughter. Therefore, try to find out if your grandmother and mother have varicose veins, or if someone has even had surgery for it. If you find out about the genetic predisposition to the disease, you need to think about it seriously before choosing the profession of hairdresser, teacher or flight attendant.

Working conditions

The fact that the second risk factor is prolonged standing position as well as sedentary and physically strenuous work.

Hormonal changes

The next point of danger may be hormonal changes in the body (such as taking certain hormonal medications). Endocrine changes and weight gain also have a detrimental effect on the operation of the valve device. This may be the reason why pregnant women are particularly at risk.

Regular overheating

High ambient temperatures can also lead to varicose veins - an additional burden on the veins. Therefore, too hot baths, saunas, and sunshine longer than 40 minutes are not desirable.

Visiting the sauna is the cause of varicose veins

Uncomfortable shoes

You are also at risk if you are constantly wearing high heels (although a completely flat sole is also not very good for your feet). High-heeled shoes constantly stretch the muscles and strain the veins in the feet. A heel of 5 centimeters or higher is considered high and the optimum is 2-3 centimeters. And the last thing worth mentioning is smoking. It’s hard to say exactly how many cigarettes you smoke, it’s dangerous, but there’s definitely a link between varicose veins and smoking.

How to treat varicose veins

Do not delay the treatment of varicose veins. If you visit your doctor in time, you may recognize signs of varicose veins in the initial stages. There are a number of modern methods for examining varicose veins, most of which are completely painless and safe. This is primarily ultrasound (Doppler). It shows the condition of the veins, the mass of circulating blood and the speed of circulation.

Preventing varicose veins at home is not that difficult, but for prevention to work, most of the recommendations given by doctors must become a habit.

Wash your feet with cold water to prevent varicose veins

Go play sports

The first thing every doctor, without exception, recommends is sports. It is better to choose a sport in which the muscles of the lower leg contract evenly and intensely. Walking, running, cycling, skiing, horseback riding, dancing are very useful for the feet. Remember, whatever sport you choose, your shoes should be loose and comfortable. The best sport for varicose veins is swimming: there is no pressure on the blood vessels, they are as if in zero gravity. Walking is a very affordable yet effective method of prevention. Even fifteen minutes a day brings positive results.

The best sport for varicose veins is swimming

If you decide to work out in the gym, follow a few basic rules:

  • Prefer exercise without weights or with minimum weights (up to 1 kg).

  • Increase the number of repetitions, not the weight of the projectile.

  • Exercise specific muscle groups at different times and alternate training days with rest days.

Wherever you go, don’t overdo it - the load will be useful when it causes joy and the strength will be more useful for things more pleasant to you. When choosing a sport, keep in mind that not all loads are suitable for varicose veins.

Tennis, bodybuilding, volleyball, skating are not very good in varicose veins - sports that require sharp movement. Not only are they useless, they can even be harmful to your health. Even if you don’t have time to exercise regularly, don’t despair.

There is a simple leg exercise that doesn’t require much effort, but is also a great way to improve blood circulation.

It is especially recommended for those who, due to the nature of their activity, are forced to spend a lot of time sitting or standing. He walks around his feet from heel to toe. Then get up on tiptoe 20-30 times. Perform several squats, transferring your weight to the edge of your legs.

If you have to sit a lot, you can stretch your legs from time to time: lift your knees and move your legs back and forth, rotating your legs clockwise and back. Then bend and unfold your fingers until you feel a slight tension. Change your posture more often and try to get rid of the habit of sitting cross-legged - your veins become constricted and your blood circulation is damaged as a result.

Exercise for the legs against varicose veins

Take care of your feet

We are used to paying special attention to the face, but the feet also need care. In the morning, wash them up to your ankles for a few minutes with cold water from the shower. It is desirable that the beam be stronger.

We recommend applying a mudguard to your feet for 20 minutes several times a week. Rinse the mask with cool water and then apply the cream. These treatments relieve swelling, improve nutrition and circulation. The legs should be kept high after applying the mask.

Try to make this a habit - when you’re relaxing, watching TV, it’s better to have your legs in a high position. Ideally, they are above heart level. Doctors advise you to put a pillow under your feet at night as well.

While resting, keep your feet above heart level.

Among the folk remedies, there is a proven method to prevent varicose veins. Take a thick piece of wood (a standard wax candle will do as well), place one of your feet on a chair, then press lightly on the skin, wrapping it from foot to knee. Do the exercises with the other leg. This exercise is very useful for strengthening blood vessels. With a simple massage, you can help your feet relax after a hard day. Massage each toe, roll your foot on the floor with a rubber ball - "hedgehog". Even a few minutes of such exercise perfectly restores blood circulation.

Watch your diet

The diet should be reasonable because, as already mentioned, weight fluctuations negatively affect the condition of the legs. Basic rules: maximum vegetables and fruits, minimum salty, fatty and smoked. Try replacing vegetable fats with animal fats as they contain acids that improve blood flow. Eat more fiber - the fact that in eastern countries where fiber is the main food, varicose veins are practically not found speaks to its benefits. Large amounts of fatty, fried and spicy foods change the composition of the blood, which can lead to the formation of blood clots. It also has a negative effect on veins and alcohol.

Consuming fiber saves from varicose veins

Also try eating foods that contain vitamin R. These are mainly nuts, green tea and rosehips. Foods like sprouted wheat grains, peas, beans, green onions enrich the blood vessels with nutrients and make them more flexible.

If possible, limit your coffee consumption to one cup a day, as this drink is not harmless to your blood vessels.

Dress properly

High-heeled shoes, as well as tight shoes that compress the foot or lower leg, adversely affect the condition of the blood vessels. Leave tight stiletto heels for formal occasions and choose loose, low-heeled shoes every day. If you notice the symptoms of varicose veins in yourself, it is better to completely give up tight clothing, especially stockings and socks with tight elastic straps.

Compression knitwear for the prevention and treatment of varicose veins

To prevent and treat varicose veins, doctors recommend wearing special compression stockings. At the same time, pressure builds up outside the veins, resulting in reduced stagnation of the blood and maintaining the normal size of the veins. Previously, elastic bandages were used to achieve the same effect, but fortunately the time for ugly bandaged legs has passed, and today massaging tights and stockings are used in compression therapy. Such products are much more convenient and practical, while in no way spoiling the look. They look like a regular women’s stockings, knee-length, but in some places very tight.

We recommend that you wear elastic stockings in the morning without getting out of bed, raising your legs at an angle of forty degrees.

The stockings will then be able to keep the veins in a physiological state and ensure blood flow to the heart. Such products are sold in pharmacies and are worn for at least six months.

It should be added to the above that varicose veins are not only an aesthetic problem but also a serious disease, ignoring which can lead to complications. Therefore, you should seek help as soon as the first suspicion arises and the beauty of healthy feet will be a pleasant addition to your well-being.