Varicose veins are pathologies that require constant monitoring and adherence to medical recommendations. Symptoms of the disease (increased lumen of the blood vessels, thinning of their walls, congestion) progress if not all provocative factors are ruled out.
What is impossible with varicose veins is one of the main issues that interests the patient. Failure to observe the basic restrictions may lead to a decrease in the effectiveness of the therapy.
Ten main "no" for varicose veins
- You should not rely on ointments or tablets. Miracle ointments and magic pills for varicose veins do not exist. There are medications that facilitate blood flow, there are substances that strengthen the blood vessel wall, but these are all temporary agents that can be used in addition to the main treatment. They relieve the condition: you can use medications to relieve swelling, pain, but not normalize the condition of your veins.
- You can't self-heal. Varicose veins are not pathologies that can be cured on their own or disappear on their own. The problem does not "go away", so if you have varicose veins, you should see a doctor.
- You can't treat yourself to leeches. There is a strong belief that varicose veins can be treated with leeches. We do not recommend trying this method. At the very least, seek the advice of a professional, in this case a phlebologist. Yes, leeches secrete substances that reduce blood clotting. This facilitates blood flow but does not affect varicose veins. The secret of the leech does not strengthen the venous wall and does not lead to normalization of the condition of the blood vessels.
- Compression jerseys should not be worn from time to time. The main requirement for a varicose patient is to wear compression stockings. It helps to normalize blood circulation, and if you have already received treatment (such as sclerotherapy), compression stockings will help you recover better. Stockings or stockings should be worn exactly as the doctor recommends: if you do this from time to time, the therapeutic effect will be negligible. Of course, it’s hard to put on a leotard and it’s uncomfortable to walk in during the warm season, but all of these points can be discussed with a phlebolologist and the most comfortable option can be found.
- If surgery is offered to you, you cannot postpone it. Doctors note that the varicose vein never goes away on its own, and over time, the condition of the veins only gets worse. Therefore, if a phlebologist recommends that you perform surgery now, do not postpone it.
- Varicose veins do not improve the condition, moreover, varicose veins are not recommended and can have a negative effect on the legs. Especially the massage, which is done by force, rubbing, squeezing the legs. And although many patients note that they feel relief after the massage, this may be because the swelling decreases after the procedure. In the long run, however, massage can negatively affect the health of your veins. Especially if these are special types of massage, such as honey, cupping, vacuum, anti-cellulite.
- And it's not recommended to go to the spa either. Yes, in case of varicose veins, a contrast shower appears - the temperature difference "hardens" the vessel wall. However, the temperature contrast that usually occurs in a bath is too high and can have a bad effect on the veins. Therefore, if you are diagnosed with varicose veins, it is better to forget about the steam room. Or postpone until the venous problems are resolved. A diagnosis of varicose veins does not mean the end of a healthy life. It is a chronic disease that has nevertheless been well studied. Serious vein removal operations that have been performed for decades are a thing of the past: today, the least invasive, vein-sparing interventions are on top. Then follow the preventive measures.
- What foods cannot be used against varicose veins:
- Sweet and floury.This is not about eliminating them completely from the diet, but about limited intake. Excessive consumption of sweets and muffins can lead to obesity and, as a result, an increase in the load on the pots of the feet.
- Animal fats.Consumption of butter and fried meat dishes is limited. The cholesterol in these products causes unwanted changes in the vascular system.
- Salty, spicy food.The use of products in this category leads to water retention and edema in the body. This, in turn, increases the load on the vascular bed, which is absolutely not allowed with varicose veins of the legs.
- Alcohol.Contrary to popular belief about the beneficial effects of alcohol on blood vessels, you should not drink under severe varicose veins. Receiving an alcoholic beverage leads to short-term expansion and then prolonged vasospasm. The thin walls of the varicose veins are unable to cope with this load: the veins become damaged and begin to bleed. In addition, alcohol consumption is not recommended due to an increased risk of blood clots.
- Coffee.The drink weakens bowel movements and can cause constipation, which is highly undesirable for rectal varicose veins (hemorrhoids). If it is extremely difficult to refuse coffee, intake is limited to 2 cups a day.
- Chicory.This plant is actively used as a harmless coffee substitute. However, not all patients know why it is impossible to drink not only coffee but also chicory in the varicose veins. Consumption of a drink from this plant leads to a thinning of the blood, dilation of the already thinned blood vessels, and an increase in the permeability of the walls. This greatly increases the risk of bleeding in the affected veins. For this reason, drinking large amounts of chicory varicose veins is not recommended.
- Celery.Although the plant is on the list of dietary products, its use is not desirable in venous pathology. The answer to why celery cannot be used varicose veins is that it acts on the blood vessels like chicory.
- Not all physical exercises indicate venous lesions. To understand what sports are impossible or even dangerous to practice with varicose veins, you need to pay attention to the presence of strength or shock loads in it.
Among the prohibited:
- running - sprint, marathon;
- football, volleyball - allowed in the initial stage, but subject to lower limb ligation.
Lifting loads in a standing position is contraindicated not only in varicose veins of the lower extremities but also in lesions of the veins of the rectum. Exercise can lead to prolapse and then hemorrhoid violation. In such cases, emergency surgery may be required.
What exercises cannot be done with varicose veins of the foot:
- jumping (especially on skipping ropes);
- classes with platform (step aerobics).
- You should not take hormonal medications without a prescription
This is especially true for women using oral contraceptives. Some contraceptives are hormonal. Their use leads to thickening of the blood and thus poses an additional risk of thrombosis. Contraceptive hormonal drugs should only be taken after prior consultation with your doctor.