Varicose veins in women: causes, prevention and treatment

He returns in a woman

Varicose veins are a disease that progresses rapidly and requires complex therapy. Every second person is in danger of finding some kind of illness in themselves and may not notice it because the illness manifests itself gradually and unnoticed. Lethargy and exhaustion may become the first bells, leading to inevitable consequences in the future. Consider the causes of varicose veins in women and the treatment of varicose veins.

Varicose veins in women - what we know

If you sit most of the time, or on the contrary, the load on your leg is too high, the likelihood of developing a varicose vein increases. In addition, in some cases, genetic predisposition affects varicose veins. That is, if one of your blood relatives is afflicted with a similar illness, the chances of it increasing in you increase.

To have a clearer understanding of the essence of this pathology, keep in mind how blood circulates in the human body. The organs inside the body are supplied with arterial blood and the blood returns through the veins. Negative factors negatively affect this process, so the process is interrupted, leading to stagnation, enlargement, and swelling of the venous vessels. Such factors, along with discomfort, discomfort, and other symptoms, serve to mean the term varicose veins.

Blood circulates through the veins of the feet due to muscle contractions, while valves in the blood vessels block the flow of return fluid. As a result, excessive pressure results in:

  • Elongation and enlargement of the veins and loss of tone;
  • Contraction of the vascular valves and loss of their natural function;
  • Complicated care of organs and tissues.

Varicose veins in women - stages of the disease

Because the infection is difficult to spot, especially in the initial stages, it is worth paying attention to the details. The development of the vascular system should provide a warning, which, for example, helps in the timely recognition of abdominal varicose veins.

Also consider other factors:

  • Pain and discomfort in the lower extremities;
  • The presence of the mesh, which indicates a deterioration in the outflow of venous blood;
  • Blue and swollen blood vessels;
  • Stopping the vital activity of soft tissue cells.

Due to the large number of common signs associated with other pathologies, the diagnosis of varicose veins is quite problematic. This is especially true for varicose veins in the female sex.

How can we protect ourselves from this disease, and what should we do if the disease is already progressing?

Varicose veins - the causes of the disease

Numerous studies have shown that women are more prone to this disease, and dilation of the superficial veins can occur due to a variety of conditions, and not just heredity causes varicose veins.

Vascular pathology of the same name also leads to:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth;
  • Hormonal suppression of ovulation;
  • Menopause and other hormonal changes;
  • Excessive physical activity;
  • Sedentary lifestyle;
  • Painful feelings in the pelvic area;
  • Foot injuries;
  • Overweight;
  • Excessive love of tanning and saunaing;
  • Digestive system failure;
  • Improperly fitted shoes;
  • Prolonged movement in the corner;
  • She is wearing tight, slimming underwear;
  • Prolonged stress;
  • Difficulty in blood clotting.
Unpleasant feelings on the varicose veins of the woman

The habit of crossed legs quite often causes venous congestion. Surprisingly, the development of pathology is also influenced by human growth. There are several precedents for the development of varicose veins in tall people. In the case of congenital weakness of the venous walls, the deformation of the blood vessels is not always clearly expressed.

Varicose veins prevention

In the later stages of the disease, the vascular system is already striking. There are several signs that lead to this condition, which one usually does not pay enough attention to, such as: bloating of the veins and a feeling of heaviness in the lower extremities, spider veins, and nocturnal cramps. To prevent further varicose veins, make an appointment with a phlebologist immediately.

In the presence of varicose veins, the patient should perform personal prophylaxis: taking medications or topical medications. At the same time, the organization of an active and useful lifestyle of the patient must be ensured. Without it, the efforts made will be in vain.

In the pre-emptive period, doctors advise you to follow a few rules:

  • Do not sit crosswise;
  • If you sit for a long time, do a little warm-up every hour;
  • Replace tight heels with something more comfortable;
  • Don't smoke. Nicotine worsens the condition of blood vessels.

Varicose veins in women - treatment

Conservative methods can delay the course of the disease, but it does not repair the affected vessels. This refers to wearing compression underwear, taking medications, and living a healthy, active lifestyle. Taking medications is only appropriate in the initial stages of varicose veins. You may want to resort to invasive treatment - sclerotherapy, laser removal of the venous mesh, or other surgical intervention if you want to remove the altered blood vessels.

Sclerotherapy - a method of treating varicose veins

Sclerotherapy is an effective method based on the introduction of a special drug into the lumen of a blood vessel, which causes the walls to stick and then be resorbed.

Surgical intervention will only be needed if the issue is radically resolved. Fortunately, modern equipment allows you to perform the above procedures quickly, efficiently, and most importantly, painlessly.